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Compiling BerkeleyGW


We have tested BerkeleyGW extensively with various configurations, and support the following compilers and libraries:

  • Operating systems: Linux, AIX, MacOS
  • Fortran compilers (required, and must support Fortran 2003): pgf90, ifort, gfortran, g95, openf90, sunf90, pathf90, crayftn, af90 (Absoft), nagfor, xlf90
  • C compilers (required): pgcc, icc, gcc, opencc, pathcc, craycc, clang
  • C++ compilers (required): pgCC, icpc, g++, openCC, pathCC, crayCC, clang++
  • MPI implementation (optional): OpenMPI, MPICH1, MPICH2, MVAPICH2, Intel MPI
  • OpenMP threading (optional)
  • LAPACK/BLAS implementation (required): NetLib, ATLAS, Intel MKL, ACML, Cray LibSci
  • ScaLAPACK/BLACS implementation (required if MPI is used): NetLib, Cray LibSci, Intel MKL, AMD
  • FFTW (required): versions 3.3.x (preferred) or 2.x.

Compilation instructions

The instructions below represent a typical case for compiling BerkeleyGW:

  1. Architecture-specific Makefile-include files appropriate for various supercomputers as well as for using standard Ubuntu or Macports packages are provided in the config/ directory. Copy the configuration file that most resembles your architecture and name it Example:

    cp config/

  2. Edit the file to fit your needs. Refer to the compilation flags documentation for details.

  3. Type make to see the available compilation targets. If the is properly configured, you only need to type:

    make all-flavors -j 16
    where 16 can be substituted by the number of concurrent build processes.

  4. If there is any error in the make processes, it may be beneficial to first build the real version of the code. You can repeatedly type make real and fix any issues in the Once the code builds successfully, clean the code and make the complex version of the code:

    make clean-flavored
    make cplx -j 16

Note that the complex version may always be used. Real may be used for systems that have both inversion (about the origin) and time-reversal symmetry, and will be faster and use less memory.

  1. Test your build. See testsuite/README for more info.

BerkeleyGW library

BerkeleyGW also provides a library that can be used to facilitate writing mean-field quantities. Some external DFT codes, such as PARATEC, use this library to directly write wavefunction files in BerkeleyGW format.

To build the BerkeleyGW library, type make library to create libBGW_wfn.a and wfn_rho_vxc_io_m.mod (and dependent modules), and then compile with -I library/ and link library/libBGW_wfn.a with the other code.

An m4 macro for configure scripts is provided in the library directory, for use in linking to this library. Codes linking the library should use the module wfn_rho_vxc_io_m.

To generate real wavefunctions, a Gram-Schmidt process should be used. The appropriate parallelization scheme etc. will be dependent on the code, and cannot be easily handled in a general manner here, but examples can be found in MeanField/SIESTA/real.f90 and MeanField/ESPRESSO/pw2bgw.f90 (routine real_wfng).